Amsterdam: Fostering Development of the Internet
Die Niederländer: frühe Innovatoren des World Wide Web
The Dutch have were early innovators in the development of the World Wide Web. Nikhef, the Dutch National Institute for Subatomic Physics, launched one of the first World Wide Web servers back in 1992. Nikhef is still at Science Park Amsterdam today, cross-connected by dark fiber to Equinix AM3, alongside many other crucial network nodes such as the Amsterdam Internet Exchange (AMS-IX), one of the busiest Internet peering points in the world.
Das erste transatlantische E-Mail
On 17 November 1988, the first transatlantic email was sent from Science Park Amsterdam. The message was transmitted from the Centre for Mathematics and Computer Sciences (CWI) to the American academic computer network NSFnet, the forerunner of today's Internet. Thus, what was arguably the first Internet connection between Europe and the United States was made.
Vor dieser Zeit gab es einige europäische Verbindungen mit dem NSFnet-Vorgänger ARPAnet, das zunächst ein privates Netzwerk und dann eng mit dem US Verteidigungsministerium verbunden war. Die Verbindung mit NSFnet war einer der ersten Schritte in Richtung des offenen Internets, wie wir es heute kennen.
Shortly after CWI was connected to the Internet, other academic and research institutions from the Netherlands and the rest of Europe followed. It wasn't until much later that commercial companies gained access. Consumers had to wait until 1993.
As the digital gateway to the U.S., the CWI became the most important European Internet exchange. In 1996, the institute transferred the exchange to the Amsterdam Internet Exchange (AMS-IX), Nikhef and SARA (now SURFsara). Today, AMS-IX is still the most important Internet exchange between Europe and the United States.